771 – Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman.

1484 – Pope Innocent VIII issues the Summis desiderantes, a papal bull that deputizes Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger as inquisitors to root out alleged witchcraft in Germany and leads to one of the most oppressive witch hunts in European history.

1776 – At The College of William and Mary, Phi Beta Kappa is founded and becomes the first American college fraternity

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