1431 – Henry VI of England is crowned King of France at Notre Dame in Paris, France.

1653 – Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.

1773 – American Revolution: Boston Tea Party – Members of the Sons of Liberty disguised as Mohawks dump crates of tea into Boston harbor as a protest against the Tea Act, which they believe infringed on their motto of “no taxation without representation”

1979 – Libya joins four other OPEC nations in raising crude oil prices, having an immediate dramatic effect on the United States.