1687 – the first Huguenots set sail from France to the Cape of Good Hope.

1759 – Arthur Guinness signs a 9,000 year lease at 45 pounds per annum and starts brewing Guinness.

1857 – Queen Victoria chooses Ottawa, then a small logging town, as the capital of Canada.

1946 – President Harry S. Truman officially proclaims the end of hostilities in World War II.

1951 – The Marshall Plan expires after distributing more than US $13.3 billion in foreign aid to rebuild Europe.

1991 – All official Soviet Union institutions have ceased operations by this date and the Soviet Union is officially dissolved.