1642 – King Charles I of England sends soldiers to arrest members of Parliament, commencing England’s slide into civil war.

1649 – English Civil War: The Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial.

1972 – Rose Heilbron becomes the first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London, England, United Kingdom

1974 – United States President Richard Nixon refuses to hand over materials subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee.