1435 – Sicut Dudum, forbidding the enslavement of the Guanche natives in Canary Islands by the Spanish, is promulgated by Pope Eugene IV.

1547 – Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey is sentenced to death.

1842 – Dr. William Brydon, an assistant surgeon in the British East India Company Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 4,500 and 12,000 camp followers when he reached the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad, Afghanistan.

1898 – Emile Zola’s J’accuse exposes the Dreyfus affair.

1953 – An article appears in Pravda accusing some of the most prestigious and prominent doctors, mostly Jews, in the Soviet Union of taking part in a vast plot to poison members of the top Soviet political and military leadership.