1547 – Ivan IV of Russia aka Ivan the Terrible becomes Czar of Russia.

1572 – Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England.

1581 – The English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism.

1707 – The Scottish Parliament ratifies the Act of Union, paving the way for the creation of Great Britain.

1919: The United States ratifies the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, authorizing Prohibition in the United States one year after ratification.

1920 – The League of Nations holds its first council meeting in Paris, France.

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