1377 – Pope Gregory XI moves the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon.

1562 – France recognizes the Huguenots under the Edict of Saint-Germain.

1648 – England’s Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Addresses, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and Thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War.

1929 – Popeye the Sailor Man, a cartoon character created by Elzie Segar, first appears in the Thimble Theatre comic strip.

1946 – The UN Security Council holds its first session.

1977 – Convicted murderer Gary Gilmore is executed by a firing squad in Utah, ending a ten-year moratorium on capital punishment in the United States.

1992 – During a visit to South Korea, Japanese Prime Minister Kiichi Miyazawa apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II.

1998 – Matt Drudge breaks the story of the Bill Clinton-Monica Lewinsky affair on his website The Drudge Report.