1486 – King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV.
1562 – Pope Pius IV reopens the Council of Trent for its third and final session.
1778 – James Cook is the first known European to discover the Hawaiian Islands, which he names the “Sandwich Islands.”
1788 – the first elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay.
1919 – World War I: The Paris Peace Conference opens in Versailles, France.
1944 – Soviet forces liberate Leningrad, effectively ending a three-year Nazi siege, known as the Siege of Leningrad.
1978 – The European Court of Human Rights finds the United Kingdom government guilty of mistreating prisoners in Northern Ireland, but not guilty of torture.