1689 – The Convention Parliament convenes to determine if James II and VII, the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Ireland and Scotland, had vacated the throne when he fled to France in 1688.

1899 – Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.

1901 – Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.

1905 – Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.

1946 – Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.

1973 – The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decision in Roe V. Wade, legalizing elective abortion in all 50 states.