1377 – More than 2,000 people of the Italian city of Cesena are slaughtered by Papal Troops.

1534 – The Irish rebel Silken Thomas is executed by the order of Henry VIII in London, England.

1690 – The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in America.

1870 – The fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing voting rights to citizens regardless of race. Women are still excluded.

1916 – Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada burn down.

1959 – A plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa kills Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper, and pilot Roger Peterson in an incident that becomes known as The Day the Music Died.

Buddy Holly:

buddy holly