1377 – More than 2,000 people of the Italian city of Cesena are slaughtered by Papal Troops.
1534 – The Irish rebel Silken Thomas is executed by the order of Henry VIII in London, England.
1690 – The colony of Massachusetts issues the first paper money in America.
1870 – The fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, guaranteeing voting rights to citizens regardless of race. Women are still excluded.
1916 – Parliament buildings in Ottawa, Canada burn down.
1959 – A plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa kills Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, The Big Bopper, and pilot Roger Peterson in an incident that becomes known as The Day the Music Died.